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Epoch Times Commentaries on the Chinese Communist Party - Part 2
The Beginnings of the Chinese Communist Party
The Epoch Times

A Chinese man looks at a painting of Chinese communist leader Mao Zedong declaring the formation of the People's Republic of China on the gate of the Forbidden City in 1949. Despite the Chinese Communist Party's claims to the contrary, the history of the CCP has been filled with the blood of innocents and deceit. (Photo: GOH CHAI HIN/AFP/Getty Images)

This is the second of Nine Commentaries on the CCP.

According to the book Explaining Simple and Analyzing Compound Characters (Shuowen Jiezi) written by Xu Shen (d. 147 AD), the traditional Chinese character Dang, meaning “party” or “gang,” consists of two radicals that correspond to “promote or advocate” and “dark or black” respectively. Putting the two radicals together, the character means “promoting darkness.” “Party” or “party member” (which can also be interpreted as “gang” or “gang member”) carries a derogatory meaning. Confucius said, “I heard that a noble man would not join a gang (party).” In the Analects (Lunyu), Confucius’ interpretation of this character explains that people who help one another conceal their crimes and do bad things are said to be forming a gang (party). It is a synonym for “gang of scoundrels” and is associated with the implication of ganging up for selfish purposes.

Why did the Communist Party emerge and eventually seize power in modern China? The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has constantly instilled into the Chinese people’s minds that history has chosen the CCP, that the people have chosen the CCP, and that “without the CCP there would be no new China.”

Did the Chinese people choose the Communist Party of their own initiative? Or, did the Communist Party force its selfish interests and its views upon the Chinese people? We must find answers from history.

From the late Qing Dynasty to the early years of the Republic period (1911-1949), China experienced tremendous external shocks and extensive attempts at internal reform. Chinese society was in painful turmoil. Many intellectuals and people with lofty ideals wanted to save the country and its people, but in the midst of national crisis and chaos, their sense of anxiety grew, leading first to disappointment and then complete despair. Like people who turn to any available doctor in times of illness, they looked outside China for their solutions. When the British and French styles failed, they switched to the Russian method. Anxious to succeed, they did not hesitate to prescribe the most extreme remedy for the illness, in the hope that China would quickly become strong.

The May Fourth movement of 1919 was a thorough reflection of this despair. Some people advocated anarchism; others proposed to overthrow the doctrines of Confucius, and still others suggested bringing in foreign culture. In short, they rejected Chinese traditional culture and opposed the Confucian doctrine of the middle way. Eager to take a shortcut, they advocated the destruction of everything traditional. On the one hand the radical members among them did not have a way to serve the country, and on the other hand they believed firmly in their own ideals. They felt the world was hopeless, believing that only by themselves could they find the correct approach to China’s future development. They were passionate for revolution and violence.

Different experiences led to different theories, principles and paths among various groups. Eventually a group of people met Communist Party representatives from the Soviet Union. The idea of "using violent revolution to seize political power," lifted from the theory of Marxism-Leninism, appealed to their anxious minds and conformed to their desire to save the country and its people. Hence, they introduced Communism, a completely foreign concept, into China. Altogether 13 representatives attended the first CCP Congress. Later, some of them died, some ran away, some worked for the occupying Japanese force and became traitors, and some quit the CCP to join the Kuomintang (the Nationalist Party, hereafter referred to as KMT). By 1949 when the CCP came to power, only Mao Zedong (also spelled Mao Tse Tung) and Dong Biwu still remained of the original 13 Party members. It is unclear whether the founders of the CCP were aware at the time that the “deity” they had introduced from the Soviet Union was in reality an evil specter, and the remedy they sought for strengthening the nation was actually a deadly poison.

The All-Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik) (later known as the Communist Party of the Soviet Union), having just won its revolution, was obsessed with ambitions for China. In 1920, the Soviet Union established the Far Eastern Bureau in Siberia, a branch of the Third Communist International, or the Comintern. It was responsible for managing the establishment of a Communist party in China and other countries. Soon after its establishment, the bureau’s deputy manager Grigori Voitinsky arrived in Beijing and contacted the Communist vanguard Li Dazhao. Li arranged for Voitinsky to meet with another Communist leader, Chen Duxiu, in Shanghai. In August of 1920, Voitinsky, Chen Duxiu, Li Hanjun, Shen Xuanlu, Yu Xiusong, Shi Cuntong and others began to prepare for the establishment of the CCP.

In June of 1921, Zhang Tailei arrived at Irkutsk in Siberia, whereupon he submitted a proposal to the Far Eastern Bureau proposing to establish the CCP as a branch of the Comintern. On July 23, 1921, under the help of Nikolsky and Maring from the Far East Bureau, the CCP was officially formed.

The Communist movement was then introduced to China as an experiment, and ever since, the CCP has set itself above all, conquering all in its path, thereby bringing endless catastrophe to China.

I. The CCP Grew by Steadily Accumulating Wickedness

It is not an easy task to introduce a foreign specter such as the Communist Party, one that is totally incompatible with the Chinese tradition, into China, a country with a history of 5,000 years of civilization. Throughout the history of the CCP, from its establishment to its gaining and maintaining political power, it has gradually become increasingly wicked. In this development the CCP has made use of the nine inherited character traits that the Communist specter brought with it: evil, deceit, incitement, unleashing the scum of society, espionage, robbery, fighting, elimination, and control. Responding to continuous crises, the CCP has further consolidated and strengthened the means and extent to which these malignant characteristics have been playing out.

First Inherited Trait: Evil—Putting on the Evil Form of Marxism-Leninism

Marxism initially attracted the Chinese Communists with its declaration to “use violent revolution to destroy the old state apparatus and to establish a proletariat dictatorship.” This is precisely the root of evil in Marxism and Leninism.

Marxist materialism is predicated on the narrow economic concepts of forces of production, production relations, and surplus value. During the early, underdeveloped stages of capitalism, Marx made a shortsighted prediction that capitalism would die and the proletariat would win, which has now been proven wrong. Marxist-Leninist violent revolution and proletarian dictatorship promote power-politics and proletarian domination. The Communist Manifesto related the Communist Party's historical and philosophical basis to class conflict and struggle. The proletariat broke free from traditional morals and social relations for the sake of seizing power. Upon their first appearance, the doctrines of Communism are set in opposition to all tradition.

Human nature universally repels violence. Violence makes people ruthless and tyrannical. Thus, in all places and all times humanity has fundamentally rejected the premises of the Communist Party’s theory of violence, a theory that has no antecedent in any former systems of thought, philosophy, or tradition. The Communist system of terror fell upon the earth as if from nowhere.

The CCP’s ideology is built on the premise that humans can conquer nature and transform the world. The Communist Party attracted many people with its ideals of "emancipating all mankind” and “world unity.” The CCP deceived many people, especially those who were concerned about the human condition and were eager to make their own mark in society. Thereafter, these people forgot that there is a heaven above. Inspired by the beautiful yet misguided notion of “building heaven on earth,” they despised traditions and looked down upon the lives of others, which in turn degraded themselves. They did all of this in an attempt to provide the CCP with praiseworthy service and gain honor.

The Communist Party presented the fantasy of a “Communist paradise” as the truth, and aroused people’s enthusiasm to fight for it: “For reason thunders new creation, `Tis a better world in birth.” [1] Employing such an absolute and incredible idea, the CCP severed the connections between humanity and heaven, and cut the lifeline that connects the Chinese people to their ancestors and national traditions. By summoning people to give their lives for Communism, the CCP strengthened its ability to do harm.

Second Inherited Trait: Deceit—Lying in Order to Confound Good and Bad

Evil must lie. To take advantage of the working class, the CCP conferred upon it the titles of “the most advanced class,” “selfless class,” “leading class,” and “pioneers of the proletarian revolution.” When the Communist Party needed the peasants, it promised “land to the tiller.” Mao applauded the peasants, saying, “Without the poor peasants there would be no revolution; to deny their role is to deny the revolution.”[2] When the Communist Party needed help from the capitalist class, it called them “fellow travelers in the proletarian revolution” and promised them “democratic republicanism.” When the Communist Party was almost exterminated by the KMT, it appealed loudly, “Chinese do not fight Chinese.” Yet what happened? As soon as the anti-Japanese war was over, the CCP turned full force against the KMT and overthrew its government. Similarly, the CCP eliminated the capitalist class shortly after taking control of China, and in the end transformed the peasants and workers into a penniless proletariat.

The notion of a united front is a typical example of the lies the CCP tells. In order to win the civil war against the KMT, the CCP, departing from its usual tactics, adopted a “policy of temporary unification” with its class enemies, including landlords and rich farmers. On July 20, 1947, Mao Zedong announced that “Except for a few reactionary elements, we should adopt a more relaxed attitude towards the landlord class…in order to reduce hostile elements.” After the CCP gained power, however, the landlords and rich farmers did not escape genocide.

Saying one thing and doing another is normal for the Communist Party. When the CCP needed to use the KMT, it argued that the two sides “strive for long-term coexistence, exercise mutual supervision, be sincere with each other, and share honor and disgrace.” After seizing power in 1949, however, the CCP eliminated everyone who spoke up for democracy, labeling them anti-party rightists. Anybody who disagreed with or refused to conform to the Party’s concepts, words, deeds, or organization was eliminated. Marx, Lenin and the CCP leaders have all held that the Communist Party's political power would not be shared with any other individuals or groups. From the very beginning, Communism clearly carried within it the gene of dictatorship. It is despotic; the CCP has never coexisted with any other political parties or groups in a sincere manner. Even during the so-called “relaxed” period, the CCP’s coexistence with others was at most a choreographed performance.

History tells us not to believe in any promises the CCP makes, nor to trust that any of the CCP’s commitments will be fulfilled. To believe the words of the Communist Party could easily cost one his or her life.

Third Inherited Trait: Incitement—Stirring up Hatred and Inciting Struggle among the Masses

Deceit often serves to incite hatred. Struggle relies on hatred. Where hatred does not exist, it can be created.

The deep-rooted patriarchal clan system in the Chinese countryside served as a fundamental barrier to the Communist Party’s establishment of political power. The rural society was initially harmonious, and the relationship between the landowners and tenants was not entirely confrontational. The landowners managed and rented out land to peasants, who then relied on the land for survival. In other words, the landowners offered the farmers a means to survive, and in return the farmers supported the landowners.

This somewhat mutually dependent relationship was twisted by the CCP into extreme class antagonism and class exploitation. Harmony was turned into hostility, hatred, and struggle. The reasonable was made to be unreasonable, order was made to be chaos, and republicanism made to be despotism. The Communist Party encouraged the denial of private property, murder for profit, and the slaughter of landlords, rich farmers and their families. Many peasants were not willing to take the property of others. Some returned at night the property they took from the landlords during the day, but they were criticized by CCP work teams in rural regions as having “low class consciousness.”

To incite class hatred, the CCP reduced the Chinese theater to a propaganda tool. A well-known story of class oppression, the White-Haired Girl, was originally about a female immortal and had nothing to do with class conflicts. Under the pens of the military writers, however, it was transformed into a “modern” drama, opera, and ballet used to incite class hatred.

Inciting the masses to struggle against each other is a classic trick of the CCP. The CCP created the 95:5 formula of class assignment: 95 percent of the population was assigned to various classes that could be won over, while the remaining 5 percent was designated as class enemies. People within the 95 percent were safe, but those within the 5 percent were “struggled” against. Out of fear and to protect themselves, the people strived to be included in the 95 percent. This resulted in many cases in which people brought harm to others, even adding insult to injury. The CCP has, through the use of incitement in many of its political movements, perfected this technique.

Fourth Inherited Trait: Unleashing the Scum of Society—Hoodlums and Social Scum Form the Ranks of the CCP

Unleashing the scum of society leads to evil, and evil must utilize the scum of society. Communist revolutions have often made use of the rebellion of hoodlums and social scum. The “Paris Commune,” for example, actually involved homicide, arson, and violence led by social scum. Even Marx looked down upon the “lumpen proletariat.” [3] In the Communist Manifesto, Marx said, “The ‘dangerous class,’ the social scum, that passively rotting mass thrown off by the lowest layers of the old society, may, here and there, be swept into the movement by a proletarian revolution; its conditions of life, however, prepare it far more for the part of a bribed tool of reactionary intrigue.” Peasants, on the other hand, were considered by Marx and Engels to be unqualified to be any social class because of their so-called fragmentation and ignorance.

The CCP developed further the dark side of Marx's theory. Mao Zedong said, “The social scum and hoodlums have always been spurned by the society, but they are actually the bravest, the most thorough and firmest in the revolution in the rural areas.”[4] The lumpen proletariat enhanced the violent nature of the CCP. The word “revolution” in Chinese literally means “taking lives,” which sounds horrific and disastrous to all good people. However, the party managed to imbue “revolution” with positive meaning. Similarly, in a debate over the term “lumpen proletariat” during the Cultural Revolution, the CCP felt that “lumpen” did not sound good, and so the CCP replaced it with “proletariat” simply.

Another behavior of the scum of society is to play the rascal. When criticized for being dictators, Party officials would reveal their tendency to bully and shamelessly pronounce something along the lines of, “You are right, that is precisely what we are doing. The Chinese experience accumulated through the past decades requires that we exercise this power of democratic dictatorship. We call it the ‘people's democratic dictatorship.’”

Fifth Inherited Trait: Espionage—Infiltrate, Deceive, Betray

In addition to cheating, inciting violence, and employing the scum of society, the technique of espionage and sowing dissension was also used. The CCP was skillful in infiltration. Decades ago, the “top three” outstanding undercover agents of the CCP, Qian Zhuangfei, Li Kenong and Hu Beifeng, were in fact working for Chen Geng, the manager of the Number 2 Spy Branch of the Central Committee of the CCP. When Qian Zhuangfei was working as a confidential secretary and trusted subordinate of Xu Enzeng, the director of the Investigation Office of the KMT, he used the letterhead of the KMT’s Organization Department to write two letters containing the secret information of the KMT’s first and second strategic plans to have Jiangxi province encircled by the KMT troops, and had them hand delivered to Zhou Enlai (also spelled as Chou En-lai) [5] by Li Kenong. In April 1930, a special double-agent organization funded by the Central Investigation Branch of the KMT was set up in the Northeast region of China. On the surface, it belonged to the KMT and was managed by Qian Zhuangfei, but behind the scenes it was controlled by the CCP and led by Chen Geng.

Li Kenong joined KMT’s Armed Force Headquarters as a cryptographer. Li was the one that decoded the urgent message pertaining to the arrest and revolt of Gu Shunzhang [6], a CCP Security Bureau Director. Qian Zhuangfei immediately sent the decoded message to Zhou Enlai, thereby keeping the whole lot of spies from being caught in a dragnet.

Yang Dengying was a pro-Communist special representative for the KMT’s Central Investigation Office stationed in Shanghai. The CCP let him arrest and execute those who the CCP considered unreliable. A senior officer from Henan Province once offended a party cadre, and his own people pulled some strings to put him in the KMT's jail for several years.

During the Liberation War [7], the CCP managed to plant a secret agent whom Chiang Kai-shek (also called Jiang Jieshi) [8] kept in close confidence. Liu Pei, Lieutenant General and the Deputy Minister of the Department of Defense was in charge of dispatching the KMT army. Liu was in fact an undercover agent for the CCP. Before the KMT army found out about their next assignment, the information about the planned location of the army’s deployment had already reached Yan’an, headquarter of the CCP. The Communist Party would come up with a plan of defense accordingly. Xiong Xianghui, a secretary and trusted subordinate of Hu Zongnan [9], revealed Hu’s plan to invade Yan’an to Zhou Enlai. When Hu Zongnan and his forces reached Yan’an, it was deserted. Zhou Enlai once said, “Chairman Mao knew the military orders issued by Chiang Kai-shek before they ever made it to Chiang’s army commander.”

Sixth Inherited Trait: Robbery—Plundering by Tricks or Violence Becomes a “New Order”

When the CCP pulled the Red Army together to establish its rule through military force, they needed money for arms and ammunition, food and clothes. The CCP resorted to “fund raising” mainly in the form of suppressing the local tyrants and robbing banks, behaving just like bandits. Soon these “fund raising” missions became one of the major tasks of the Red Army. For example, in a mission led by Li Xiannian, one of the CCP’s senior leaders, the Red Army kidnapped the richest families in county seats in the area of western Hubei province. They did not just kidnap one single person, but one from every rich family in the clan. Those kidnapped were kept alive to be ransomed back to their families for continued monetary support of the army. It was not until either the Red Army was satisfied or the kidnapped families were completely drained of resources that the hostages were sent home, many at their last gasp. Some had been terrorized so badly that they died before they could return.

Through “cracking down on the local tyrants and confiscating their lands,” the CCP extended the tricks and violence of their plunder to the whole society, replacing tradition with “the new order.” The Communist Party has committed all manner of ill deeds, large and small, while it has done no good at all. It offers small favors to everyone in order to incite some to denounce others. As a result, compassion and virtue disappear completely, and are replaced with strife and killing. The “communist utopia” is actually a euphemism for violent plunder.

Seventh Inherited Trait: Fighting—Destroys the National System, Traditional Ranks and Orders

Deceit, incitement, unleashing social scum, and espionage are all for the purpose of robbing and fighting. Communist philosophy promotes fighting. The Communist revolution was absolutely not just some disorganized beating, smashing and robbing. The Party said “The main targets of peasants’ attack are local tyrants, the evil gentry and lawless landlords, but in passing they also struck out against all kinds of patriarchal ideas and institutions, against the corrupt officials in the cities and against the bad practices and customs in the rural areas.” [4] An organized effort was launched to destroy the entire traditional system and the customs of the countryside.

Communist fighting also includes armed forces and armed struggle. “A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another.”[4] Fighting is inevitable when attempting to seize state power by force. A few decades later, the CCP used the same characteristic of fighting to “educate” the next generation during the Great Cultural Revolution.

Eighth Inherited Trait: Elimination—Establishes a Complete Ideology of Genocide

Communism has done many things with absolute cruelty. The CCP promised the intellectuals a “heaven on earth.” Later it labeled them “rightist” and put them into the infamous ninth category [10] of persecuted people, alongside landlords and spies. It deprived capitalists of their property, exterminated the wealthy landlord class, destroyed rank and order in the countryside, took authority away from local figures, kidnapped and extorted bribes from the richer people, brainwashed war prisoners, “reformed” industrialists and capitalists, infiltrated the KMT and disintegrated it, split from the Communist International and betrayed it, cleaned out all dissidents through successive political movements after it came to power in 1949, and threatened its own members with coercion.

The above-mentioned occurrences were all based on the CCP’s theory of genocide. Its every political movement in the past was a campaign of terror with genocidal intent. The CCP started to build its theoretical system of genocide at its early stage as a composite of its theories on class, revolution, struggle, violence, dictatorship, movements, and political parties. It encompasses all of the experiences it has embraced and accumulated through its various genocidal practices.

The essential expression of CCP genocide is the extermination of conscience and independent thought. In this way a ‘reign by terror’ serves the fundamental interests of the CCP. The CCP will not only eliminate you if you are against it, but it may also destroy you even if you are for it. It will eliminate whomever it deems should be eliminated. Consequently, everyone lives in the shadow of terror and fears the CCP.

Ninth Inherited Trait: Control – The Use of Party Principles to Control the Entire Party, and Subsequently the Rest of Society

All of the inherited characteristics aim to achieve a single goal: to control the populace through the use of terror. Through its evil actions, the CCP has proved itself to be the natural enemy of all existing social forces. Since its inception, the CCP has struggled through one crisis after another, among which the crisis of survival has been the most critical. The CCP exists in a state of perpetual fear for its survival. Its sole purpose has been to maintain its own existence and power—its own highest benefit. To supplement its declining power the CCP is forced to update its superficial elements on a regular basis. The Party’s benefit is not that of any single Party member or of any individual. Rather, it is the benefit of the Party as a collective entity, as a whole. The collective identity of the CCP overrides any sense of the individual.

“Party principles” have been the most vicious characteristic of this evil specter. Party principles overwhelm human nature so completely that the Chinese people are no longer free to speak or act. For instance, Zhou Enlai and Sun Bingwen were once comrades. After Sun Bingwen died, Zhou Enlai took his daughter, Sun Weishi, as his adopted daughter. During the Great Cultural Revolution, Sun Weishi was reprimanded. She later died in custody from a long nail driven into the head. Her arrest warrant had been signed by her stepfather, Zhou Enlai.

One of the early leaders of the CCP was Ren Bishi, who was in charge of opium sales during the anti-Japanese war. Opium was a symbol of foreign invasion at that time, as the British used opium imports to China to drain Chinese economy and turn Chinese people into addicts. Despite the strong national sentiment against opium, Ren dared to plant opium in a large area, risking universal condemnation. Due to the sensitive and illegal nature of the opium dealings, the CCP used the word “soap” as a code-word for opium. The CCP used the revenue from the illicit drug trade with bordering countries to fund its existence. At the Centenary of the Birth of Ren, one of the new generation of Chinese leaders highly praised Ren’s Party principles, claiming that, “Ren possessed superior character and was a model Party member. He also had a firm belief in Communism and unlimited loyalty to the cause of the Party.”

Another example of Party principles was Zhang Side. The Party said that he was killed by the sudden collapse of a kiln, but others claimed that he died while roasting opium. Since he was a quiet person, having served in the Central Guard Division and having never asked for a promotion, it was said, “his death is weightier than Taishan,” [11] meaning that his life held the greatest importance.

Lei Feng was also known famously as the “screw that never rusts, functioning in the revolutionary machine.” For a long period of time, both Lei and Zhang were used as models to educate the Chinese people to be loyal to the Party. Many Party heroes were used to model the “iron will and principle of the Party spirit.”

Upon gaining power, the CCP launched an aggressive campaign of mind control to mold many new “tools” and “screws” from the successive generations. The Party formed a set of “proper thoughts” and a range of stereotypical behaviors. These protocols were initially used within the Party, but quickly expanded to the entire public. Clothed in the name of the nation, these thoughts and actions worked to brainwash people into complying with the evil of the CCP.

II. The CCP’s Dishonorable Foundation

The CCP lays claim to a brilliant history, one that has seen victory after victory. This is merely an attempt to prettify itself and glorify the CCP’s image in the eyes of the public. As a matter of fact, the CCP has no glory to advertise at all. Only by using the nine inherited evil traits could it establish and maintain power.

Establishment of the CCP—Raised on the Breast of the Soviet Union

“With the report of the first canon during the October Revolution, it brought us Marxism and Leninism.” That was how the Party portrayed itself to the people. However, when the Party was first founded, it was just the Asian branch of the Soviet Union. From the beginning, it was a traitorous party.

During the founding period of the Party, they had no money, no ideology, nor any experience. They had no foundation upon which to support themselves. The CCP joined the Comintern to link its destiny with the existing violent revolution. The CCP’s violent revolution was just a descendent of Marx and Lenin’s revolution. The CCP was simply an eastern branch of Soviet Communism, carrying out the imperialism of the Russian Red Army. The Soviet Union secretly directed the Chinese violent political takeover and its ensuing overthrow of the existing political and organizational ideology. Through the use of extreme surveillance and control measures, the Soviet Union was the backbone and patron of the CCP.

The Comintern formulated the CCP constitution established at the first CCP conference. The manifestos of Marx and Lenin, the ideology of class from Soviet Party principles, provided its fundamental basis. The soul of the CCP consists of ideology imported from the Soviet Union. Chen Duxiu, one of the foremost officials of the CCP, had different opinions from those of the international Communist committee representative, Maring. Maring wrote a memo to Chen stating that if Chen were a real member of the Communist Party, he must follow orders from the Comintern. Even though Chen Duxiu was one of the CCP's founding fathers, he could do nothing but listen and obey orders. Truly, he and his Party were simply subordinates of the Soviet Union.

During the third CCP conference in 1923, Chen Duxiu publicly acknowledged that the Party was funded almost entirely by contributions from the Soviet Comintern. In one year, the committee contributed over 200,000 yuan to the CCP, with unsatisfactory results. The Comintern accused the CCP of not being diligent enough in their efforts.

According to declassified Party documents, the CCP received 16,655 Chinese yuan from October 1921 to June 1922. In 1924 they received US$1,500 and 31,927.17 yuan, and in 1927 they received 187,674 yuan. The monthly contribution from the Comintern averaged around 20,000 yuan. Tactics commonly used by the CCP today, such as lobbying, going through the backdoor, offering bribes, and using threats, were already in use back then. The Comintern accused the CCP of continuously lobbying for funds.

“They have different organizations (International Communications Office, representatives for the Comintern, and military organizations, etc.) to disburse funds each time…the funny thing is, it doesn’t take long for our comrade representatives to understand the psychology of our Soviet comrades. Most importantly, they know in what situation and which comrade will be more likely to approve the funding. Once they know that they won’t be able to get it, they delay meetings. In the end they use the cruelest methods, like spreading rumors that some grass-root officials have conflicts with the Soviets, and that money is being given to warlords instead of the CCP.”

The First KMT and CCP Alliance—A Parasite Infiltrates to the Core and Sabotages the Northern Expedition [12]

The CCP has always taught its people that Chiang Kai-shek betrayed the National Revolution movement [13], forcing the CCP to rise in armed revolt.

In reality, the CCP behaved like a parasite. It cooperated with the KMT in the first KMT-CCP alliance for the sake of expanding its influence by taking advantage of the national revolution. Moreover, the CCP was eager to launch the Soviet-supported revolution and seize power, and its desire for power in fact destroyed and betrayed the National Revolution movement.

At the second national representatives conference of the CCP, held in July 1922, those opposing the alliance with the KMT dominated the conference, because the conference members were anxious to seize power. However, the Comintern in fact controlled events behind the scenes, and vetoed the resolution reached in the conference; it ordered the CCP to join the KMT.

During the first KMT-CCP alliance, the CCP held its fourth national representatives conference in Shanghai in January 1925. At that time, the CCP had only 994 members, but the Party raised the question of leadership in China. Chiang Kai-shek was not the cause of the CCP revolt. Had Sun Yat-sen [14] not died, he would have been the target the CCP aimed at in its quest for power.

With the support of the Soviet Union, the CCP seized political power inside the KMT during its alliance with the CCP. Tang Pingshan became the minister of the Central Personnel Department of the KMT. Feng Jupo, secretary of the Ministry of Labor, was granted full power to deal with all labor-related affairs. Lin Zuhan was the Minister of Rural Affairs, while Peng Pai was secretary of this Ministry. Mao Zedong assumed the position of acting propaganda minister of the KMT Propaganda Ministry. The military schools and leadership of the military were always the focus of the CCP: Zhou Enlai held the position of director of the Politics Department of the Huangpu (Whampoa) Military Academy, and Zhang Shenfu was its associate director. Zhou Enlai was also Chief of the Judge Advocates Section, and he planted Russian military advisers here and there. Many Communists held the positions of political instructors and faculty in KMT military schools. CCP members also served as KMT Party representatives at various levels of the National Revolutionary Army. [15] It was also stipulated that without a Party representative’s signature, no order would be deemed effective. As a result of this parasitic attachment to the National Revolution movement, the number of the CCP members increased drastically from less than 1000 in 1925 to 30,000 by 1928.

The Northern Expedition started in February of 1926. However, from October 1926 to March 1927, the CCP launched three armed rebellions in Shanghai. Later, it attacked the Northern Expedition military headquarters but failed. Zhou Enlai, who used the alias Wu Hao, was caught and later released after he published his repentance and acknowledged his wrongdoings. The pickets for the general strikes in Guangdong province engaged in violent conflicts with the police every day, and the KMT reinforced the police patrol with army soldiers and in the meantime dispatched secret agents to monitor the people who were agitating the masses. Such uprisings caused the April 12 purge of the CCP by the KMT. [16]

In August 1927, the CCP members within the KMT Revolutionary Army initiated the Nanchang Rebellion, which was quickly suppressed. In September, the CCP launched the Autumn Harvest Uprising to attack Changsha, but that attack was suppressed as well. The CCP began to implement a network of control in the army whereby “Party branches are established at the level of the company,” and it fled to the Jinggangshan area, establishing rule over the countryside there.

The Hunan Peasant Rebellion—Inciting the Scum of Society to Revolt

During the Northern Expedition, the CCP instigated rebellions in the rural areas in an attempt to capture power, while the National Revolutionary Army was at war with the warlords.

The Hunan Peasant Rebellion in 1927 was a revolt of the riffraff, the scum of society, as was the famous Paris Commune of 1871—the first Communist revolt. French nationals and foreigners in Paris at the time witnessed that the Paris Commune was a group of destructive roving bandits, having no vision. Living in exquisite buildings and large mansions and eating extravagant and luxurious meals, they cared only about enjoying their momentary happiness and worried about nothing ahead. During the rebellion of the Paris Commune, they censored the Press. They took as hostage and later shot the Archbishop of Paris, Georges Darboy, who gave sermons to the King. For their personal enjoyment they cruelly killed 64 clergymen, set fire to palaces, and destroyed government offices, private residences, monuments, and inscription columns. The wealth and beauty of the French capital had been second to none in Europe. However, during the Paris Commune uprising, buildings were reduced to ashes and people to skeletons. Such atrocities and cruelty had rarely been seen throughout history.

As Mao Zedong admitted,

It is true the peasants are in a sense unruly in the countryside. Supreme in authority, the peasant association allowed the landlord no say and sweeps away his prestige. This amounts to striking the landlord down to the dust and keeping him there. The peasants threaten, ‘We will put you on the other list (the list of reactionaries)!’ They fine the local tyrants and evil gentry, they demand contributions from them, and they smash their sedan-chairs. People swarm into the houses of local tyrants and evil gentry who are against the peasant association, slaughter their pigs and consume their grain. They even loll on the ivory-inlaid beds belonging to the young ladies in the households. At the slightest provocation they make arrests, crown the arrested with tall paper hats, and parade them through the village, saying, “You dirty landlords, now you know who we are!” Doing whatever they like and turning everything upside down, they have created a kind of terror in the countryside.

But Mao gave such “unruly” actions a full approval, saying,

To put it bluntly, it is necessary to create terror for a while in every rural area, or otherwise it would be impossible to suppress the activities of the counter-revolutionary in the countryside or overthrow the authority of the gentry. Proper limits have to be exceeded in order to right the wrong, or else the wrong cannot be righted... Many of their deeds in the period of revolutionary action, which were seen as going too far, were in fact the very things the revolution required.[4]
Communist revolution creates a system of terror.

The “Anti-Japanese” North-Bound Operation—the Flight of the Defeated

The CCP labeled the “Long March” as a northbound anti-Japanese operation. It trumpeted the “Long March” as a Chinese revolutionary fairy tale. It claimed that the “Long March” was a “manifesto,” a “propaganda team” and a “seeding machine,” which ended with the CCP’s victory and their enemies’ defeat.

The CCP fabricated such obvious lies about marching north to fight the Japanese to cover its failures. From October 1933 to January 1934, the Communist Party suffered a total defeat. In the fifth operation by the KMT, which aimed to encircle and annihilate the CCP, the CCP lost its rural strongholds one after another. With its base areas continually shrinking, the main Red Army had to flee. This is the true origin of the “Long March.”

The “Long March” was in fact aimed at breaking out of the encirclement and fleeing to Outer Mongolia and Soviet Russia along an arc that first went west and then north. Once in place, the CCP could escape into the Soviet Union in case of defeat. The CCP encountered great difficulties when en route towards Outer Mongolia. They chose to go through Shanxi and Suiyuan. On the one hand by marching through these northern provinces, they could claim to be “anti-Japanese” and win people’s hearts. On the other hand, those areas were safe as no Japanese troops were deployed there. The territory along the Great Wall was occupied by the Japanese army. A year later, when the CCP finally arrived at Shanbei (northern Shaanxi province), the main force of the Central Red Army had decreased from 80,000 to 6,000 people.

The Xi'an Incident—the CCP Latches onto the KMT a Second Time

In December 1936, Zhang Xueliang and Yang Hucheng, two KMT generals, kidnapped Chiang Kai-shek in Xi'an. This has since been referred to as the Xi'an Incident.

According to the version of history presented in CCP textbooks, the Xi’an Incident was a “military coup” initiated by Zhang and Yang, who delivered a life or death ultimatum to Chiang Kai-shek. He was forced to take a stance against the Japanese invaders. Zhou Enlai was reportedly invited to Xi’an as a CCP representative to help negotiate a peaceful resolution. With different groups in China mediating, the incident was resolved peacefully, thereby ending a civil war of ten years and starting a unified national alliance against the Japanese. The CCP history books say that this incident was a crucial turning point for China in her crisis. The CCP depicts itself as the patriotic party that takes the interests of the whole nation into account.

In fact, at the beginning of the incident, the leaders of the CCP wanted to kill Chiang Kai-shek, avenging his earlier suppression of the CCP. At the time, the CCP had a very weak base in northern Shaanxi province, and had been in danger of being completely eliminated in a single battle. So the CCP, utilizing all its acquired skills of deception, instigated Zhang and Yang to revolt. In order to pin down the Japanese and prevent them from attacking the Soviet Union, Stalin wrote to the Central Committee of the CCP, asking them not to kill Chiang Kai-shek, but to cooperate with him for a second time. Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai realized that they could not destroy the KMT with the limited strength of the CCP; even if they killed Chiang Kai-shek, they would be defeated and even eliminated by the avenging KMT army. Under these circumstances, the CCP changed its tone. The CCP demanded joint resistance against the Japanese and forced Chiang Kai-shek to accept cooperation a second time.

Many CCP spies had already gathered around Yang Hucheng and Zhang Xueliang before the Xi'an Incident. One example was the underground CCP member Liu Ding, who was introduced to Zhang Xueliang by Song Qingling, wife of Sun Yat-sen, a sister of Madame Chiang and a CCP member. Liu played such an important role in instigating the Xi'an Incident that Mao Zedong later praised his outstanding service. Among those working at Yang Hucheng’s side, his own wife Xie Baozhen was a CCP member and worked in Yang’s Political Department of the Army. Xie married Yang Hucheng in January of 1928 with the approval of the CCP. In addition, CCP member Wang Bingnan was an honored guest in Yang’s home at the time. Wang later became a vice minister for the CCP Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It was these CCP members around Yang and Zhang who directly instigated the coup.

The CCP first instigated a revolt, pointing the gun at Chiang Kai-shek, but then turned around and, acting like a stage hero, forced him to accept the CCP. In such a way the CCP not only escaped a crisis of disintegration, but also used the opportunity to latch onto the KMT government for the second time. The Red Army was soon turned into the Eighth Route Army, bigger and more powerful than before. One must admire the CCP’s unmatchable skills of deception.

Anti-Japanese War—The CCP Grows by Killing with Borrowed Weapons

The textbooks of the CCP claim that the Communist Party led the Chinese victory in the anti-Japanese war.

In reality, however, when the anti-Japanese war broke out, the KMT had more than 1.7 million armed soldiers, ships with 110,000 tons displacement, and about 600 fighter planes of various kinds. In comparison, the total size of the CCP’s New Fourth Army, newly grouped in November of 1937, did not exceed 70,000 people, and its power was weakened further by internal fractional politics. The CCP realized that if it were to face battle with the Japanese, its power would be diminished. In the eyes of the CCP, sustaining its own power rather than ensuring the survival of the nation was the central focus of the emphasis on “national unity.” Therefore, during its cooperation with the KMT, the CCP exercised an undisclosed internal policy of giving priority to the struggle for political power.

After the Japanese occupied the city of Shenyang on September 18, 1931, thereby extending their control over large areas in northeastern China, the CCP fought practically shoulder to shoulder with Japanese invaders to defeat the KMT. In a declaration written in response to the Japanese occupation, the CCP exhorted the people in the KMT-controlled area to rebel, calling on “workers to strike, peasants to make trouble, students to boycott classes, poor people to quit working, soldiers to revolt” so as to overthrow the Nationalist government.

Though the CCP held up a banner calling for resistance to the Japanese, they only had local armies and guerrilla forces in camps away from the front lines. Except for several battles, including the one fought at Pingxing Pass, the CCP did not make much of a contribution to the war against the Japanese. Instead, they spent their energy expanding their own base. When the Japanese surrendered, the CCP incorporated the surrendering soldiers into its army, claiming to have expanded to more than 900,000 regular soldiers, in addition to 2 million militia fighters. The KMT army was essentially alone on the frontlines while fighting the Japanese, losing over 200 generals in the war. The commanding officers on the CCP side, however, bore nearly no losses. Even so, the CCP constantly claimed that the KMT did not resist the Japanese, and that it was the CCP that led the great victory in the anti-Japanese war.

Rectification in Yan’an—Creating the Most Fearsome Methods in Persecution

The CCP attracted countless patriotic youth to Yan’an in the name of fighting against the Japanese, but then persecuted thousands of them during the rectification movement enacted on what became known as “revolutionary holy land.” Since gaining control of China, the CCP has continued to depict Yan’an as the revolutionary “holy land,” but has not made any mention of the crimes it committed during the rectification.

The rectification movement in Yan’an was the largest, darkest and most ferocious power game ever played out in the human world. In the name of cleansing petty bourgeoisie toxins, the Party washed away morality, independence of thought, freedom of action, tolerance, and dignity. The first step of the rectification was to set up, for each person, personnel archives, which included: 1) a personal statement; 2) a chronicle of one's political life; 3) family background and social relationships; 4) autobiography and ideological transformation; 5) evaluation according to the Party principles.

In the personnel archive, one had to list all acquaintances since birth, all important events and the time and place of their occurrence. People were asked to write repeatedly for the archive, and any omissions would be seen as signs of impurity. One had to describe all social activities they had ever participated in, especially those related to joining the Party. The emphasis was placed on personal thought processes during these social activities. Evaluation based on Party principles was even more important, and one had to confess any anti-Party thoughts or behavior in one’s consciousness, speech, work attitudes, everyday life, or social activities. In evaluation of one’s consciousness, one was required to scrutinize whether one had been concerned for self-interest, whether one had used work for the Party to reach personal goals, whether one had wavered in trust in the revolutionary future, feared death during battles, or missed family members and spouses. There were no objective standards, so nearly everyone was found to have problems.

Coercion was used to extract “confessions” from cadres who were being inspected in order to eliminate “hidden traitors.” Countless frame-ups, false and wrong accusations resulted, and a large number of cadres were persecuted. During the rectification, Yan’an was called “a place for purging human nature.” A work team entered the University of Military Affairs and Politics to examine the cadres' personal histories, causing bloody terror for two months. Various methods were used to extract confessions. People were ordered to confess and shown how to confess. There were “group persuasions,” “five-minute persuasions,” private advice, conference reports, and identifying the “radishes” (i.e., red outside and white inside). There was also “picture taking”—lining up everyone on the stage for examination. Those who appeared nervous were identified as suspects and targeted as objects to be investigated.

Even representatives from the Comintern recoiled at the methods used during the rectification, saying that the Yan’an situation was depressing. People did not dare interact with one another. Each person had their own axe to grind and everyone was nervous and frightened. No one dared to speak the truth or protect mistreated friends, because each was trying to save his own life. The vicious—those who flattered, lied, and insulted others—were promoted; humiliation became a fact of life in Yan’an. People were pushed to the brink of insanity, having been forced to abandon dignity, a sense of honor or shame, and love for one another. They ceased to express their own opinions, but recited party leaders’ articles instead.

This same system of oppression has been employed in all CCP political activities since it seized power in China.

Three Years of Civil War—Betraying the Country to Seize Power

The Russian bourgeois revolution in February 1917 was a relatively mild uprising. The Tsar placed the interests of the country first and surrendered the throne instead of resisting. Lenin hurriedly returned to Russia from Germany, staged another coup and murdered the revolutionaries of the capitalist class who had overthrown the Tsar, thus strangling Russia’s bourgeois revolution. The CCP, like Lenin, picked the fruits of a nationalist revolution. After the anti-Japanese war was over, the CCP launched a revolutionary war to overthrow the KMT government, bringing the disaster of war to China once more.

The CCP is adept at manipulating the masses. In several battles with the KMT, including those fought in Liaoxi-Shenyang, Beijing-Tianjin, and Huai Hai, the CCP used primitive, barbarous, and inhumane tactics that sacrificed its own people. When besieging Changchun, in order to exhaust the food supply in the city, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) forbade ordinary people from leaving the city. During the two months of Changchun’s besiegement, nearly 200,000 people died of hunger and frost. But the PLA did not allow people to leave. After the battle was over, the CCP, without a tinge of shame, claimed that they had "liberated Changchun without firing a shot."

From 1947 to 1948, the CCP signed the "Harbin Agreement" and the "Moscow Agreement" with the Soviet Union, surrendering national assets and giving away resources from the Northeast in exchange for the Soviet Union’s full support in foreign relations and military affairs. According to the agreements, the Soviet Union would supply the CCP with airplanes; it would give the CCP weapons left by the surrendered Japanese in two installments; and it would sell the Soviet-controlled ammunition and military supplies in China’s Northeast to the CCP at low prices. If the KMT launched an amphibious landing in the Northeast, the Soviet Union would secretly support the CCP army. In addition, the Soviet Union would help the CCP gain control over Xinjiang; the CCP and the Soviet Union would build an allied air force; the Soviets would help equip 11 divisions of the CCP army, and transport one-third of its US-supplied weapons (worth $13 billion) into Northeast China.

To gain Soviet support, the CCP promised the Soviet Union special transportation privileges in the Northeast both on land and in the air; offered the Soviet Union information about the actions of both the KMT government and the US military; provided the Soviet Union with products from the Northeast (cotton, soybeans) and military supplies in exchange for advanced weapons; granted the Soviet Union preferential mining rights in China; allowed the Soviet Union to station armies in the Northeast and Xinjiang; and permitted the Soviets to set up the Far East Intelligence Bureau in China. If war broke out in Europe, the CCP would send an expeditionary army of 100,000 plus 2 million laborers to support the Soviet Union. In addition, the CCP promised to merge some special regions in Liaoning province into North Korea if necessary.

III. Demonstrating Evil Traits

Eternal Fear Marks the Party’s History

The most prominent characteristic of the CCP is its eternal fear, especially its fear of losing power. Survival has been the CCP’s highest interest, which it has supported with the use of force. The CCP is like a primary cancer cell that diffuses and infiltrates every part of body, encroaching on and making surrounding normal cells become cancerous. In our cycle of history, society cannot dissolve such a mutated factor as the CCP and has no alternative but to let it proliferate at will. As a result, much of society has become polluted, and large areas have been flooded with Communism or communist elements. The spreading of the CCP has fundamentally degraded the morality and society of humankind.

The CCP doesn’t believe in the principles of morality and justice. All of its principles are used entirely for its own interest. It is fundamentally selfish, and there are no principles that could restrain and control its desires. Based on its own principles, the Party needs to keep changing how it appears on the surface, putting on new skins. During the early period when its survival was at stake, the CCP attached to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to the KMT, to the KMT’s governing body, and to the National Revolution. After capturing power, the CCP attached itself to various forms of opportunism, to the citizens’ minds and feelings, to social structures and means—to anything it could put its hands on. It has utilized every crisis as an opportunity to gather wealth and to strengthen its means of control.

The CCP’s “Magic Weapons”

The CCP claims that revolutionary victory depends on three “magic weapons”: the Party’s construction, armed struggle, and united fronts. The experience with the KMT offered the CCP two more such “weapons”: propaganda and espionage. The Party’s various “magic weapons” have all been infused with the CCP’s nine inherited traits: evil, deceit, incitement, unleashing the scum of society, espionage, robbery, fighting, elimination, and control.

Marxism-Leninism is evil in its nature. Ironically, the Chinese Communists do not really understand Marxism-Leninism. Lin Biao [17] said that there were very few CCP members who had really read the works of Marx or Lenin. The public considered Qu Qiubai [18] an ideologue, but he admitted to have only read a very little of Marxism-Leninism. Mao Zedong’s ideology is a rural version of what Marxism-Leninism advocates for rebellious peasants. Deng Xiaoping’s socialist theory has capitalism as its last name. Jiang Zemin’s “Three Represents” [19] was pieced together out of nothing. The CCP has never really understood what Marxism-Leninism is, but has inherited from it the evil aspects, upon which the CCP has foisted off its own even more wicked stuff.

The CCP’s united front is a conjunction of deceit and short-term pay-offs. The goal of unity was to strengthen its power. By combining forces in battles against the Japanese, the CCP could grow from a loner to a huge clan. Unity required discernment—identifying who were enemies and who were friends; who were on the left, in the middle, on the right; who should be befriended and when, and who should be attacked and when. It easily turned former enemies into friends and then back to enemies again. For example, during the period of the democratic revolution, the party allied with the capitalists; during the socialist revolution it eliminated the capitalists. In another example, leaders of other parties such as Zhang Bojun and Luo Longji were made use of as supporters of the CCP during the period of seizing state power, but later were persecuted as “rightists.”

The Communist Party Is a Sophisticated Professional Gang

The Communist Party has used two-sided strategies, one side soft and flexible and the other hard and stern. Its softer strategies include propaganda, united fronts, espionage, double-dealing, getting into people's minds, brainwashing, lies and deception, covering up the truth, psychological abuse, and generating an atmosphere of terror. In doing these things, the CCP creates a syndrome of fear inside the Party members’ hearts that leads them easily to forget the Party’s mistakes. These myriad methods could stamp out human nature and foster maliciousness in humanity. The CCP’s hard tactics include violence, persecution, political movements, killing and destroying lives, kidnapping, suppressing different voices, armed attacks, periodic crack-downs, etc. These aggressive methods create and perpetuate terror.

The CCP uses both soft and hard methods concurrently. Sometimes they would be relaxed in some instances while strict in others, or they would be relaxed on the outside while stiff in their internal affairs. In a relaxed atmosphere, the CCP encouraged the expression of different opinions, but, as if luring the snake out of its hole, those who did speak up would only be persecuted in the following period of strict control. The CCP often used democracy to challenge the KMT, but when intellectuals in the CCP-controlled areas disagreed with the party, they would be tortured or even beheaded. As an example, we can look at the infamous “Wild Lilies incident”, in which the intellectual Wang Shiwei was purged in the Yan’an rectification movement and executed by the CCP in 1947.

A veteran official who had suffered torments in the Yan’an Rectification movement recalled that when he was under intense pressure, dragged and forced to confess, the only thing he could do was to betray his own conscience and make up lies. At first, he felt bad to be implicating and framing his fellow comrades. He hated himself so much that he wanted to end his life. Coincidentally, a gun had been placed on the table. He grabbed it and, pointing it at his head, pulled the trigger. The gun had no bullets! The person who investigated him walked in and said, “It’s good that you admitted what you’ve done was wrong. The Party’s policies are lenient.” The Communist Party would know that you had reached your limit, know that you were “loyal” to the Party, so you had passed the test. Years later, this official learned about Falun Gong, a Qigong and cultivation practice that started in China. He felt the practice to be good. When the persecution of Falun Gong started, however, his painful memories of the past revisited him, and he no longer dared to say that Falun Gong is good.

The experience of Emperor Puyi [20] was similar to this officer’s. Imprisoned in the CCP’s cells and seeing other people killed, he thought that he would die soon. In order to live, he allowed himself to be brainwashed and cooperated with the prison guards. Later, he wrote an autobiography The First Half of My life, which was used by the CCP as an example of ideological remolding.

According to modern medical studies, many victims of intense pressure and isolation fall prey to an abnormal sense of dependency on their captors known as the Stockholm Syndrom. The victims’ moods, happiness or anger, joy or sorrow, would be dictated by those of their captors. The slightest favor for the victims will be received with deep gratitude. There are accounts in which the victims develop “love” for their captors. This psychological phenomenon has been long known and successfully used by the CCP against its enemies and in controlling the minds of its citizens.

The Communist Party Uses and Discards Its Leaders While Resisting Reform

The first ten general secretaries of the CCP have, without exception, all been labeled anti-communists. Clearly, the CCP has a life of its own, and the party runs the officials and not the other way around. In Jiangxi province, during the war with the KMT, the CCP is known to have conducted internal cleansing operations, executing its own soldiers—stoning them to death to save bullets. In Shaanxi province, while sandwiched in between the Japanese and the KMT, the CCP began the Yan’an rectification movement of mass cleansing, killing many. This type of repetitive massacre on such a massive scale did not prevent the CCP from expanding its power to all of China. The CCP imported this pattern of killing from the Soviet Union.

The CCP is like a malignant tumor: in its rapid development, the center of the tumor has already died, but it continues to engulf all organisms on the outer edges, expanding its influence. The organisms and bodies that are engulfed by the tumor became part of the cancer. No matter how good or bad a person is to start with, after joining the CCP, he or she would become a part of its destructive force. The more honest the person is, the more destructive he would become. Undoubtedly, this CCP tumor will continue to grow until there is nothing left for it to feed upon. Then, the cancer will surely die.

The founder of the CCP, Chen Duxiu, was an intellectual and a leader of the May Fourth student movement. He showed himself not a fan of violence, and warned the CCP members that if they attempted to convert the KMT to the communist ideologies or had too much interest in power, that would certainly lead to strained relationships. While one of the most active in the May Fourth generation, Chen was also tolerant. However, he was the first to be labeled a “right-wing opportunist.”

Another CCP leader, Qu Qiubai, believed that the CCP members should engage in battles, organize rebellions, overthrow authorities, and use extreme means to return the Chinese society to its normal functioning. However, he confessed before his death that he did not want to die as a revolutionary, since he had left the movement long time ago. He sighed that history played a trick, bringing him, an intellectual, onto the political stage of revolution and keeping him there for many years. In the end, he said he still could not overcome his own gentry notions. “I cannot become a warrior of the proletariat class.”

The CCP leader Wang Ming, at the advice of the Comintern, advocated for unity with the KMT in the war against the Japanese, instead of expanding the CCP base. At the CCP meetings, Mao Zedong and Zhang Wentian could not persuade this fellow comrade, nor could they reveal the truth of their situation: according to the limited military strength of the Red Army, they would not be able to hold back the Japanese by themselves. If, against good sense, the CCP would have decided to fight, then the history of China would certainly be different. Mao Zedong was forced to remain silent at the meetings. Later, Wang Ming was ousted, first for a “left wing” deviation and then branded an opportunist of the right wing ideology.

Hu Yaobang, another party Secretary, who was forced to resign in January of 1987, fought to bring justice to many innocent victims who had been criminalized during the Cultural Revolution. He wanted to rejuvenate Communism in the hearts of the citizens. Still, he was used as a scapegoat in the end.

Zhao Ziyang, the most recent fallen Secretary [21], wanted to help the CCP in furthering reform, yet his actions brought him dire consequences.

So what has each leader of the CCP accomplished? Truly to reform the CCP would imply its death. The reformers quickly found their power taken away by the CCP. There is a certain limit on what the CCP members can do to transform the CCP system. All rely on the power rendered by the CCP itself, and so no true reform can succeed with the CCP.

If the Party leaders have all turned into “bad people,” how could the CCP have expanded the revolution? In many instances when the CCP was at its best—also the most evil, their highest officials failed in their positions. This was because their degree of evil did not meet the high standard of the Party, which has, over and over, selected only the most evil. Many Party leaders ended their political life in tragedy, yet the CCP has survived. The CCP leaders who survived their positions were not those who could influence the Party, but those who could comprehend the Party’s intentions and follow them. They strengthened the CCP’s ability to survive while in crisis, and gave themselves entirely to the Party. No wonder they were capable of battling with heaven, fighting with the earth, and struggling against other human beings. But never could they oppose the Party. In the CCP organization, especially at the high level, there was a symbiotic relationship between the leaders and the Party, pursuing their own mutual survival.

Shamelessness has become a marvelous quality of today’s CCP. According to the Party, its mistakes were all made by individual Party leaders, e.g., Zhang Guotao or the Gang of Four [22]. Mao Zedong was judged by the Party as having 3 parts mistakes and 7 parts achievements, while Deng Xiaoping judged himself to have 4 parts mistakes and 6 parts achievements, but the Party itself was never wrong. Even if the Party was wrong, it says that it can correct itself. Therefore, the Party tells its members to “look forward” and “not to be tangled in past accounts.” Many things could change: The Communist paradise can turn into a lowly goal of socialist food and shelter; Marx could be replaced with “Three Represents”; people would not be surprised to see that the country is becoming democratic, opening up the freedom of belief, abandoning Jiang Zemin overnight, or redressing the persecution of Falun Gong. Other things about the CCP, however, do not change: The fundamental pursuit of the Party’s goals—survival and maintenance of its power and control.

The CCP has mixed violence, terror and high-pressure indoctrination to form its theoretical basis, which is then turned into the Party principles, the spirit of its leaders, and ultimately the Party’s entire functioning mechanism and members’ way of acting. The system, its leaders and members all have assimilated to these ideas. The Communist Party is made of iron and its disciplines have the hardness of steel. The intention of all its members must be unified, and the action of all its members must completely comply with the Party’s political agenda.

IV. Conclusion

Why has history chosen the Communist Party over any other political force in China? As we all know, in this world there are two forces, two choices. One is the old and evil, whose goal is to do evil and choose the negative. The other is the righteous and good, which will choose the right and the benevolent. The CCP was chosen by the old forces. The reason for the choice is precisely because the CCP has gathered all the evil of the world, Chinese or foreign, past or present. It is a typical representative of the evil forces. At its inception, the CCP used people’s inborn innocence and benevolence to cheat, and, step by step, it has prevailed in gaining today’s capacity to destroy.

What did the Party mean when it claimed that there would be no new China without the Communist Party? From its founding in 1921 until it took political power in 1949, the evidence clearly shows that without deceit and violence, the CCP would not be in power. The CCP differs from all other types of organizations in that it follows a twisted ideology of Marxism-Leninism, and does what it pleases. It can explain all that it does with high theories and link them cleverly to certain portions of the masses, thus “justifying” its actions. It broadcasts propaganda every day, clothing its strategies in various principles and theories and proving itself to be forever correct.

The development of the CCP has been a process of the accumulation of evil. The history of the CCP tells us precisely its illegitimacy. The Chinese people did not choose the CCP; instead, the CCP forced Communism, this foreign evil specter, onto the Chinese people by applying the evil traits that it has inherited from the Communist Party—evil, deceit, incitement, unleashing the scum of society, espionage, robbery, fighting, elimination, and control.


[1] From the Communist Anthem, “The Internationale.”
[2] From Mao’s “Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan” (1927).
[3] Lumpen proletariat, roughly translated as slum workers. This term identifies the class of outcast, degenerate or underground elements that make up a section of the population of industrial centers. It includes beggars, prostitutes, gangsters, racketeers, swindlers, petty criminals, tramps, chronic unemployed or unemployables, persons who have been cast out by industry, and all sorts of declassed, degraded or degenerated elements. The term was coined by Marx in The Class Struggles in France, 1848-1850.
[4] Mao (1927).
[5] Zhou Enlai (March 5, 1898 - January 8, 1976), was second in prominence to Mao in the history of the CCP. He was a leading figure in the CCP and Premier of the People's Republic of China from 1949 until his death.
[6] Gu Shunzhang was originally one of the heads of the CCP special agent system. In 1931 he was arrested by the KMT and assisted them in uncovering many of the CCP's secret hideouts. All eight members of Gu's family were later strangled to death and buried in the French Concession in Shanghai. See “The CCP’s History of Assassinations” for more related information (
[7] The war between the CCP and the KMT in June 1946. The war is marked by three successive campaigns: Liaoxi-Shenyang, Huai-Hai and Beiping-Tianjin, after which the CCP overthrew the rule of the KMT, leading to the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949.
[8] Chiang Kai-shek was leader of the KMT, and later exiled to become ruler of Taiwan.
[9] Hu Zongnan (1896-1962), a native of Xiaofeng county (now part of Anji County), Zhejiang province, was successively deputy commander, acting commander and chief of staff of the KMT’s Southwest Military and Administrative Headquarters.
[10] When the CCP began land reform, it categorized the people. Among the defined classes of enemies, intellectuals are next to landlords, reactionaries, spies, etc. and ranked Number 9.
[11] From a poem by Sima Qian, a historian and scholar in the West Han Dynasty. His famous poem says, “Everyone has to die; one dies either more solemn than Taishan or lighter than a feather.” Taishan is one of the major mountains in China.
[12] The Northern Expedition was a military campaign led by Chiang Kai-shek in 1927 intended to unify China under the rule of the KMT and end the rule of local warlords. It was largely successful in these objectives. During the Northern Expedition, the CCP had an alliance with the KMT.
[13] The revolutionary movement during the CCP-KMT alliance, marked by the Northern Expedition.
[14] Sun Yat-sen, founder of the modern China.
[15] The National Revolutionary Army controlled by the KMT, was the national army of the Republic of China. During the period of the CCP-KMT alliance, it included CCP members who joined the alliance.
[16] On April 12, 1927, the KMT led by Chiang Kai-shek initiated a military operation against the CCP in Shanghai and several other cities. Over 5,000 to 6,000 of the CCP members were captured and many of them were killed in Shanghai between April 12 and the end of 1927.
[17] Lin Biao (1907-1971), one of the senior CCP leaders, served under Mao Zedong as a member of China's Politburo, as Vice-Chairman (1958) and Defense Minister (1959). Lin is regarded as the architect of China's Great Cultural Revolution. Lin was designated as Mao's successor in 1966 but fell out of favor in 1970. Sensing his downfall, Lin reportedly became involved in a coup attempt and attempted to flee to the USSR once the alleged plot became exposed. During his attempted flight from prosecution, his plane crashed in Mongolia, resulting in his death.
[18] Qu Qiubai (1899-1935) is one of the CCP’s earlier leaders and famous leftist writers. He was captured by KMT on February 23, 1935 and died on June 18 the same year.
[19] The “Three Represents” was initially mentioned in a speech by Jiang Zemin in February, 2000. According to this doctrine, the Party must always represent the development trend of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of China's advanced culture and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the Chinese people.
[20] Pu-yi, Manchurian name Aisin Gioro (1906–1967), the last emperor (1908–1912) of China, ruled under the name Hsuan T’ung. After his abdication, the new republican government granted him a large government pension and permitted him to live in the Forbidden City of Beijing until 1924. After 1925, he lived in the Japanese concession in Tianjin. In 1934, and, reigning under the name K’ang Te, he became the emperor of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo, or Manchuria. He was captured by the Russians in 1945 and kept as their prisoner. In 1946, Pu Yi testified at the Tokyo war crimes trial that he had been the unwilling tool of the Japanese militarists and not, as they claimed, the instrument of Manchurian self-determination. In 1950 he was handed over to the Chinese Communists, and he was imprisoned at Shenyang until 1959, when Mao Zedong granted him amnesty.
[21] The last of the ten general secretaries of the CCP that was dismissed due to his disagreement with using force to end the student demonstrations in the Tiananmen Square in 1989.
[22] The 'Gang of Four' was formed by Mao Zedong's wife Jiang Qing (1913-1991), Shanghai Propaganda Department official Zhang Chunqiao (1917-1991), literary critic Yao Wenyuan (1931) and Shanghai security guard Wang Hongwen (1935-1992). They rose to power during the Great Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) and dominated Chinese politics during the early 1970s.

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